Sally Fitzgerald's Legislative Report Week 9

Sally Fitzgerald's Legislative Report Week 9


LWVAF, Report from the Capitol, Week 9

 The General Assembly returned from its 3 month suspension this week.  To date it has completed Day 34.  If they do not adopt a schedule for the rest of the session, Saturday and Sunday will count as legislative days even if no one is in the chambers, and Monday will be Day 37.  The schedule adopted by the House, but not yet agreed to by the Senate, would have them in session next week for six days, from Monday for Day 35 through Saturday, Day 40.  

 Each chamber has adopted procedures to keep people safe.  The galleries are closed to the public.  The Senate moved the press corps to the gallery, spread out some Senators who sit at their desks and other members occupy the press area in the back.  Each still had to make motions from their desk and cast their votes at their desk.  The House spread out their members into the gallery and into Room 341.  Voting is done by voice and takes 10-15 minutes each time, slowing progress considerably.  Everyone is masked, there is lots of plexiglass, and only members are allowed on the floor.  There are no pages, and one may speak to a legislator only by appointment.

 The legislature’s primary purpose, and its only required one, is to adopt a budget for the fiscal year beginning July 1.  The House okayed its version prior to the suspension caused by the coronavirus shutdown.  The Senate has had to redo it from scratch because the economic slowdown has cause state revenues to decrease precipitously.  Hearings were held in the recess period in which each agency offered its suggestions to meet the 14% cuts required by the governor, which have since been reset to 11%.  The Senate version is described below, HB 793.

 Also during the suspension period, there was an election, a combination of the Presidential Preferential Primary and the state general primary both of which had been deferred, one from March 24 and the other from May 19.  There were several debacles and the blame for them does not reside in just one corner.  The virus perhaps was the biggest disrupter of that election -- poll locations were changed because venues declined to host voters, poll workers refusing to work for fear of catching the bug, the Secretary of State making a unilateral decision to take over the absentee ballot by mail solicitation function and making some serious mistakes, and the local election officials not being able to respond sufficiently to divert the nightmare that occurred for some voters.  Of course, this citizen angst was reflected in their legislative representatives.  This week there was a nearly 4 hours hearing from invited participants in that election – poll workers, poll managers,  poll watchers, election superintendents, local board of elections members, and legal eagles.   There is another scheduled next week.  On this issue there may not be a magic bullet to make elections run smoother in face of the multi-faceted challenges that this one faced, but they are going to try.

 The House Rules chairman announced on Tuesday that the General Assembly must pass the budget because the Constitution says so, and it must pass a hate crimes bill because it is the right thing to do.  And then he adjourned the meeting, refusing to put any Senate bills on the House floor calendar until the Senate moved on the issue.  The Senate has a hate crimes bill passed by the House in 2019 in the Judiciary committee.  Further, the Lt. Governor announced another proposal which would make the hate crime a separate offense.  What may occur is for that language to be amended or substituted for the House version.  The question then is, can it be accepted in its amended form by the House which passed the original bill by just one vote.

Tomorrow is the first day of summer.  Who would have thought one would be reading GA legislative news in June?  Indeed, these are unusual times.


BOLD Bill Number = final passage

CA = constitutional amendment.  Requires a 2/3s vote in each chamber and a majority vote in the next general election scheduled for November 2020.

DV = Differing Versions

TGFS = To Governor for Signature




 FY 793  Ralston – 7     PASSED House     PASSED Senate     DV


FY21 Budget.  The FY21 budget was significantly revised as a result of the COVID-19 health crisis which shut down most economic activity in the state.  This resulted in a need to cut the budget 11% from the FY20 base, or $2.607 billion.  


The House passed its version prior to the legislative suspension in mid-March.  So, to the Senate fell the duty to recommend additional adjustments.  They held hearings for every agency to offer their recommendations.  State expenses are generally for services, thus payroll is the largest expense.  Freezing of vacant positions, furlough days, and a few reductions in staff were often a large part of those recommendations.  All raises were cancelled, and legislators and the governor took salary cuts along with their staffs.  Furloughs were limited to 12 days, one per month average.  


The bonding package was not cut.  Also protected were training and experience raises if on a salary schedule, and the equalization and sparsity grants for K-12 schools.  Pre-K programs funded with the lottery were not cut.  University systems and technical colleges were cut 11%, as were most elements of the QBE funding for K-12.


In short, if an agency was recommended by the governor or House of Representatives for a cut, the agency got it.  If the agency was recommended for an increase, the agency didn’t get it.  The Senate, then, recommended additional cuts, often specifying where it was to be taken, such as in staffing, operations expenses, travel, etc.


The net total allocations were:    %

   Education                                    54

   Community Health                    13.3

   Transportation                             7.4

   Public Safety and Judiciary        8.7

   Human Services                           8

   Bonds                                            5.25

   Agriculture                                   1

   All else                                          2


 SB 134  Kirkpatrick – 32     PASSED Senate     PASSED House     TGFS


The Georgia Commission on the Holocaust is transferred to the Board of Regents from the Department of Community Affairs.



 SB 377  Jones – 25     PASSED  Senate        PASSED House     DV


Elevators, escalators, manlifts, and moving walks are to be inspected once per 12 months, currently every 6 months.  Contractors to help with this work may receive fees for this service directly, currently requires payment to the contractor through the Labor Department which schedules the inspections.  MARTA must continue to have elevator inspections every 6 months.


HR 1023  Welch – 110     TO BALLOT     PASSED House     PASSED Senate

CA to permit a GA citizen or corporation which suffers an injury to petition the judiciary for declaratory relief from acts of the state, any agency or any county, consolidated government, or city of the state, or any employee thereof or committed  outside of their scope of authority.  Plaintiffs cannot get damages or attorney’s fees unless empowered by the General Assembly by law.   Schools are excluded from this, probably because of special education issues which are federally controlled.



 SB 345  Kirkpatrick – 32     PASSED Senate     PASSED House     TGFS


Non-profit organizations preparing and providing food for consumption must adhere to the requirements for food safety.  No food prepared in a private home can be served, but it can be prepared in kitchens of public buildings such as churches, schools, and arenas as long as public health procedures are followed.  Must Ministries in Cobb County prepares sandwiches to feed children during the summer and school breaks.  Many sandwiches were made in private homes.  When inspected, they were cited.  This bill establishes the standards not quite as strict as those for restaurants, but not home-prepared either.


HB 888  Hawkins – 27     PASSED House     PASSED Senate     TGFS

Surprise Billing Consumer Protection Act.  Requires a health insurance plan to treat any service to an insured receiving emergency services by an out-of-network provider as if it was an in-network provider.  The insured financial obligation for such charges will only be co-pays, co-insurance and deductibles as if the provider were in-network.  If the facility is out-of-network, the insurer must transfer the patient at cost to the insurer to an in-network facility within 24 hours after notification that the patient is stable.  If the transfer is not made, the insurer shall pay the out-of-network facility its full cost.  For non-emergency services from an out-of-network provider, the patient shall pay the entire amount if 48 hours notice has been given as to the estimated charges.  An out-of-network provider shall not report any covered person who received a surprise bill to a credit reporting agency for unpaid amounts exceeding any co-pay, co-insurance, or deductible.  The insured financial responsibility for ground transportation shall not be reduced.  The Commissioner of Insurance has responsibility for maintaining a data base of claims paid, any arbitration requested, and reporting to the General Assembly.  Effective 1-1-21.  This covers insurance providers who are overseen by the state Department of Insurance, between 13% and 20% of the providers.  It does not cover insurance providers administering ERISA plans under federal law.


HB 987  Cooper – 43     PASSED House     PASSED Senate     DV

Strengthens the requirements for elder care in long-term facilities.  Doubles fees for violations when death or serious harm to a resident has occurred.  Licensing may not occur if a license has been suspended within a year or ownership has changed to avoid a fine.  Increases staffing to 1 to 15 residents in facilities of 25 beds or more effective 7-1-21.  Each facility must provide 60 days notice of any impending bankruptcy or property evictions which might require relocation of residents, and 14 days notice to residents of change of ownership that may force discharge or relocation or other adverse impact on safe care and oversight.  Memory care centers are to staff at 1-12 residents and to include various health care professionals.  Training requirements are to include specifics for dementia patients.  Licensing required for administrators in personal care homes and assisted living communities.   Senate adds:  Preparation plans for a pandemic required.  Personal protective equipment to be on hand.  Testing to be done for residents and staff.  Notification of illness within the facility to be made to residents and families.



 HB 105  Watson – 172     PASSED House     PASSED Senate     TGFS


An income tax exemption for funds received for Hurricane Michael disaster relief or assistance from the U.S. Department of Agriculture in calendar years 2019 through 2023.  Repeals the sales tax on ride shares and imposes a 50 cent tax plus 25 cents per additional rider and dedicates the revenues to transit projects.


SB 144  Anderson – 24     PASSED Senate     PASSED House     TGFS

The Revenue Commissioner may issue a license, not to exceed $10, for a licensed dealer to sell tobacco products at special events in a temporary location for a period of 1 to 10 days.  The rules for such sales shall be the same as for selling at the permanent location and products shall not be sold to minors.  Special events would include, for example,  Augusta Masters Tournament, a NASCAR event, Cherry Blossom Festival, a Taste of (name a city).


SB 391  Kirkpatrick – 32     PASSED Senate     PASSED House     DV

When a state of emergency has been declared or a hurricane warning issued, the Commissioner of Public Health may waive the time restrictions on prescription refills to enable patients to refill a 30-day supply in advance, if refills remain.

House adds:  30 days of medication only, no Schedule II drugs, and prescriber will be notified within 48 hours.



 HB 823  Gaines – 117   PASSED House     PASSED Senate     DV


A person convicted of trafficking other persons for labor or sexual servitude using a commercial vehicle shall be disqualified for life from driving a commercial vehicle and shall have their commercial driver’s license revoked.



 HB 1201  McLaurin – 52     PASSED House      S.State and Local Government


Reconstitutes the Fulton County Board of Registration and Elections as of 1 August 2020.  There will be two members of the Republican party and two members of the Democratic party, and the county commission may select a chair from the nominations of the local delegation for Fulton County in the General Assembly.  This same bill was in effect from 2013 until 2019 and for the entire period the local delegation did not nominate a person to replace the current chair.


HB 1202  McLaurin – 52     PASSED House      S.State and Local Government

Dissolves the Fulton County Board of Registration and Elections as of 31 July 2020.  This is proposed to occur 11 days before a runoff and 93 days before a presidential election. It is suggested it will solve the problem of long lines at elections to have new board members who have never run an election running the store. 




 HB 912  Reeves – 34     PASSED House     DO PASS in S.Judiciary     DV


Allows foster parents to leave a child with a babysitter for up to 3 days without getting approval from DFCS, currently 2 days.  Governor’s bill.



 SB 294  Black – 8     PASSED  Senate     DO PASS in H.Retirement

Teachers Retirement System is authorized to invest up to 5% of its assets in certain alternative investments.  Currently, TRS is specifically excluded from such investment options.


SB 367  Martin – 9     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Education     DV

Reduces the end of course assessments (tests) which must be given in high school from 8 to just 4, currently 8.  The writing assessment may be given in any grade, currently grade 11.  The grade 5 social studies test is dropped.  Moves the testing window for elementary schools to within 25 school days of the last day of school in a term.  The high school testing window will be set by Department of Education and is typically near the end of the term.  The department may, at the request of a local board, analysis local tests administered in an effort to eliminate redundant assessments.  


SB 430  Ligon – 3     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Education

Private and home schooled students may take courses at a college and career academy run by the local school district which serves their residence and if space is available.  Transportation is the responsibility of the student/parent.  Local board of education earns FTEs for the time the student is in attendance.  The State Board of Education is to draw up rules regarding enrollment and withdrawal, reporting academic performance, discipline procedures and any other area requiring definition.  Most college and career academies admit these students now.


SB 431  Wilkinson – 50     PASSED Senate    DO PASS in H.Education

Defines on-time graduation as a cohort of students entering high school by Oct 1 of any year and graduating on or before Oct 1 four years hence.  This calculation is in addition to any other defined by federal, state, or local laws.  Excludes students who register but never show up when school starts and school personnel are no longer charged with determining what happened to them.


HB 957  Jones – 47     PASSED House     DO PASS in S.Education & Youth

A charter school employee is an employee of the local board of education for health insurance purposes if they work at least 30 hours per week.  Local charter schools shall require proof of residency within the school system at student enrollment or application for enrollment.  Terms of the State Charter Commission members shall be 4 years, currently 2 years.  State charter schools which close shall transfer all records to the nonprofit entity which held the charter school contract and then are held for one year.  The state audit of charter schools offering virtual instruction shall be completed and submitted to the State Board of Education and regulators by April 1 annually, currently December 1.



 SB 318  Ligon – 3     PASSED Senate     DO PASS  in H.Higher Education     DV


Provides a public forum at public postsecondary institutions.  Each institution may restrict some areas from all forum uses, but all other areas are open to any student, organization, staff, faculty to discuss any subject matter as a right under Amendment 1 of the US Constitution and Article 1 of the GA Constitution, specifically, the right to free speech.

The author seems to be reaching for a way for religious speakers to be allowed unfettered access to all on campus.



 SB 358  Harper – 7     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Agriculture & Consumer Affairs

Designates the muscadine grape as the official state grape.


SB 344  Mullis – 3     PASSED Senate    DO PASS in H.Judiciary Non-Civil

Prisoners may appear in court by video.  A judge may order a defendant to personally appear in any court hearing.  Video has to be of a quality that all can see and hear and can be sent to the appellate court as part of the court record.  An employee of the state crime lab or a contract lab may also appear by video.



 SB 316  Thompson – 14     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Government Affairs

Military spouses licensed in another state may obtain a license by endorsement in GA if the requirements for licensing in the other state are similar to GA by a majority of the elements and it is in good standing.


SB 408  Strickland – 17     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Industry & Labor     DV

Removes the sunset from the Sick Leave for Care of Immediate Family Members.   Currently, if a person earns sick leave, they may use up to five days/year for  care of immediate family members.  It was to sunset June 30, 2020.  This situation overwhelmingly affects women.  The NO votes in the Senate were exclusively men.


HB 487  Bonner – 72     PASSED House     DO PASS inS.Public Safety

The Civil Air Patrol Auxiliary volunteers who are employees of a state agency may be granted up to 15 days leave in a year to render service.  Currently, employees who are volunteers for the American Red Cross have this benefit.


HB 914  Clark – 147     PASSED House     DO PASS inH.Veterans, Military, & Homeland Security

Military spouses licensed in other states may practice in GA.



 HB 93  Jones – 167     PASSED House     S.Natural Resources & Environment

Dewatering of coal combustion residual surface impoundments shall require notification to local governments at least 3 days after initiation.


SB 426  Strickland – 17     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Natural Resources & Environment

The unpermitted release of ethylene oxide must be reported to the Environment Protection Division of the Department of Natural Resources within 24 hours and the information is to be posted on EPD’s website as soon thereafter as possible.



 SB 28 Jackson – 2    PASSED Senate    DO PASS in H.Insurance

Copayments, coinsurance, or office visit charges for physical therapists, occupational therapists, or chiropractors shall not exceed that for a doctor or osteopath.


HB 789  Newton – 123     PASSED House     DO PASS in S.Health & Human Services

Hospitals must add ‘Hospital Surprise Billing Rating’ to their directories.  If the rating is less than 4, each insurer advertising the hospital as in-network must specify which qualified hospital based specialty group types are not contracted with the hospital.  Applies to anesthesiologists, pathologists, radiologists, and emergency room doctors.  Sets up a rating system for patients to use to determine which physician specialty groups in their insurance company plan serve a given hospital.  A rating of 4 indicates all four groups are qualified.  Covers all plans operating in the state.


HB 791  Stephens – 164     PASSED House      DO PASS in S.Health & Human Services     DV

A pharmacist may provide up to a 90-day supply of a maintenance medication for a chronic condition if the patient agrees and the prescribing doctor has indicated periodic refills are medically necessary.  This authorization does not apply to scheduled drugs and controlled substances or the initial fill.  Author is a licensed pharmacist.


HB 1114  Cooper – 43     PASSED House     DO PASS in S.Health & Human Services     DV

Medicaid patients may receive coverage for lactation care and services.



 SB 410  Kennedy – 18     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Government Affairs     DV


If a Board of Assessors appeals an assessment and the determination is 85% or less of the Board’s valuation, the taxpayer can recover costs of litigation if the county governing authority approves as well as interest.  Currently, the taxpayer can recover only if the taxpayer appeals and the value is determined to be 85% or less of the previous valuation determined by the county.



 SB 159  Gooch – 51     PASSED Senate     DO PASS in H.Transportation     DV


Local authorities can regulate electric scooters with a maximum speed of 20 mph on a paved surface.  Excludes electric bicycles, personal assistive mobility devices, motorcycles and mopeds.  Riders must have insurance.


HB 799  Blackmon – 146  PASSED House     DO PASS in S.Judiciary

Eligibility for early reinstatement of a suspended driver’s license for DUI of a controlled substance or marijuana is now empowered.


Sally FitzGerald, Capitol Observer

sallyfitz [at]

League of Women Voters – Atlanta/Fulton

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